Винительный падеж (табыс септік)

Accusative case (tabys septik) of the Kazakh language in its value corresponds to the English Subjective Case without a preposition in the sentence acts as a direct object. Accusative case (tabys septik) answers the questions: kimdi? kimderdi? (who?), neni? nelerdi? (what?).

Qazaq English Вопрос
aýdıtorıa-ny audience neni?
gazet-ti newspaper neni?
stýdent-ti student kimdi?
Alma-ny Alma kimdi?

Nouns in the accusative case (tabys septik) accept the endings -dy (-di), -ty (-ti), -ny (-ni), -n:

  • If the final sound of the word voiced -ý/-ıý, -j/-z or sonorous -ı, -l, – m, -n, -a, -r, -ý, then then the endings -dy/-di are added to it.
    Qazaq English
    nan-dy kes cut the bread
    Ol pıaz-dy kesip jatyr She cuts onions
    úı-di kór look around the house
    Olar kilem-di jasap otyr They make a carpet
  • If the final sound of word voiceless consonant -k, -q, -p, -s, -t, -sh or ends with a voiced consonant -b, -v, -g, -ǵ, -d, then the following endings -ty/-ti are added to it.
    Qazaq English
    Baqyt-ty kórdim I saw Bakhyt
    Dosan aǵash-ty baltamen jardy Dosan cut the tree with an axe
    Ermek-ti shaqyrdym I invited Ermek
    Lıza sút-ti dúkennen satyp aldy Lisa bought milk at the store
  • If the final sound is a vowel -a, -á, -e, -ı, -y, -i, (except -y and -і in the cases, the 3rd person form), then the following endings -ny/-ni are added to it.
    Qazaq English
    Sáýle telegramma-ny pochtaǵa apardy Saule took a telegram to the post office
    Men tapsyrma-ny jasap otyrmyn I’m doing a task
    Men dári-ni jasap otyrmyn I’m doing a medicine
    Ol tereze-ni ashty He opened the window
  • In the cases of the 3rd person form the ending -n is added to it.
    Qazaq English
    Aıman maǵan dápteri-n berdi Aiman gave me her notebook
    Programmıst saǵan skrıpti-n jazdy Programmer wrote you a script
    Olar muǵalimi-n yqylaspen tyńdap otyr They listen carefully to the teacher

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