Местный падеж (жатыс септік)

Local case (jatys septik) Kazakh language indicates the position of people, objects and events in space and time. Local case (jatys septik) answers questions kimde? kimderde? (who?), nede? nelerde? (what?), qaıda? (where?) qashan? (when?).

Question qaıda? can translates as where? and to conform to the shape of the Directional-dative (barys septik) Kazakh nouns.

QazaqEnglishQuestion
Raýshan dáris-ta otyrRaushan sitting at the lectureқайда?
Men anam-daI’m at my mother’s houseкімде?
Súıek tamaq-taA bone in the throatнеде?
Bul keleshek-te boladyThis will happen in the futureқашан?


Noun in the local case (jatys septik) accept the following endings -da (-de), -ta (-te), -nda (-nde):

  1. After voiced vowels-a, -á, -e, -ı, -y, -i (except -y and in the cases of  the 3rd person form), voiced consonants -j, -z or sonorants -ı, -l, -m, -n, -ń, -r, -ý, then added to it the following endings: da/-de.
    QazaqEnglish
    Aman-da bılet barAman has the ticket
    Sen jaz-da barGo in the summer
    Sálim-de kitap jokSalem doesn’t have a book
    Nan dúken-deThe bread in the store
  2. If the final sound of word voiceless consonant-k, -q, -p, -s, -t, -sh or ends with a voiced consonant -b, -v, -g, -ǵ, -d, then added to it the following endings -ta/-te.
    QazaqEnglish
    Maksut-ta eki bala barMaksut have two children
    Ol oryndyq-ta otyrHe/She sits on the chair
    Ol kereýet-te jatyrHe/She lies on the bed
    Kenes-te bir balaKenes has one child
  3. In cases of possessive forms of the third person with affixes -y/-i, -sy/-si after a root word, add the endings -nda/-nde.
    QazaqEnglish
    Aısha áke-si-nde týradyAisha lives with his father
    Kitap Balymnyń ini-si-ndeBalym’s younger brother has the book
    Tek qana kompúter onyń bas-y-nda!Only the computer in his/her head!
    Eki saıt Asqardyń aǵa-sy-ndaAskar’s older brother has two websites


In the Kazakh language local case (jatys septik) means:

  1. The location of a person or item:
    QazaqEnglish
    Samarhan Moskva-da týradySamaran lives in Moscow
    Kıimder shkaf-ta ilýli turClothes hanging in the closet
    Aqsha Serǵazy-daMoney from Sergazy
    Kilem eden-de jatyrThe carpet lies on the floor
  2. The duration and condition of the subject:
    QazaqEnglish
    Jaz-da aýylǵa baramyzIn the summer we’ll go to the village
    Kesh-te teatrda bolamyzWe’ll be at the theater tonight
    Asqar tún-de úshadyAskar leaves at night
    Leksıa toǵyz-da bastaladyThe lecture starts at nine
  3. The age of the person:
    QazaqEnglish
    Volodá jıyrma-daVolodya is twenty years old
    Natasha on segiz-deNatasha is eighteen years old
    Abaı elý bir-deAbay is fifty one years old
    Talǵat on bes-teTalgat is fifteen years old

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