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Possessive endings – táýeldik jalǵaý

The possessive case in the Kazakh language is expressed using the possessive endings — táýeldik jalǵaý. Such a construction “noun” + “possessive endings ” are also called the possessive case of nouns.

PronounAffixExample
meniń-ym/-im/-mmeniń qalam-ym (my pen),
dápter-im (my notebook),
bala-m (my child)
bizdiń-ymyz/-imiz, -myz/-mizbizdiń dos-ymyz (our friend),
bizdiń dos-tar-ymyz (our friends),
úı-imiz (our house),
áke-miz (our father),
áke-ler-imiz (our fathers)
seniń-yń/-iń/-ńseniń dos-tar-yń (your friend),
senderdiń dos-tar-yń (your friends),
áje-ń (your grandmother),
áje-ler-iń (your grandmothers)
sizdiń-yńyz/-ińiz, -ńyz/-ńizSizdiń keńes-ińiz (Your advice),
Sizdiń jol-yńyz (Your way),
Sizdiń keńes-ter-ińiz (Your pieces of advice),
Sizderdiń jol-dar-yńyz (Your roads)
onyń olardyń-y/-i, -sy/-sionyń qalam-y (his pen),
bala-sy (her child),
áje-si (his grandmother)),
qyz-ym-nyń qalam-y (my daughter’s pen),
Qaırat-tyń áje-si (Kairat’s grandmother)

In the Kazakh language after the vowel and consonants are different versions of the affix. Before the possessive case are replaced by voiced consonants.

The original wordmeniń (my)seniń (your, yours)bizdiń (our)sizdiń (your)onyń, olardyń (his/her, their)
mektep (school)mekte-b-immekte-b-ińmekte-b-imizmekte-b-ińizmekte-b

Nouns with inconsistent definition is used with the possessive endings of the 3rd person.

the citya beautiful cityAlmaty cityhis city
qalaádemi qala-syAlmaty qala-syqala-sy

 In cases of possessive case of the third person the endings y/-i, -sy/-si are added to the basis of words.

For example: Bas-y (his/her head), úı-i (his/her house), ana-sy (his/her mother), ini-si (his/her brother).

In the Kazakh language, there is no grammatical category of gender, so nouns in cases of the possessive form of the third person can be translated into English, both in the masculine and feminine gender.

If the noun is in one of two cases: the Directional-dative (barys septik) or the Local case (jatys septik), after the possessive case (táýeldik jalǵaý), the letter “n” is added.

Men qalada turamyn. I live in the city.Men Aqtaý qala-sy-nda тұрамын.
Men qalaǵa baramyn. I will go to the city.Men Aqtaý qala-sy-na baramyn.

There is also a special possessive case, which is formed using the affixes —niki/-diki/-tiki (-niki — after vowels; -diki — after voiced consonants and sonorants). This form is used if the noun or pronoun acts as the predicate.

Mynaý sizdiń kereýet-iniz. (This is your bed).

Myna kereýet siz-diki. (This bed is Yours).

The possessive endings are not added to the noun. A special possessive cases: meniń — meniki, seniń — seniki, onyń — onyki.

Two more examples with the possessive case

Meniń úıimBizdiń úıimiz
Seniń úıińizSenderdiń úıler
Sizdiń úıSizderdiń úılerińiz
Onyń úıіOlardyń úıі

úı – house

Meniń ákemBizdiń ákemiz
Seniń ákeńSenderdiń ákeler
Sizdiń ákeńizSizderdiń ákelerińiz
Onyń ákesiOlardyń ákesi

áke – father

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