Именительный падеж (ataý septik)

Nominative case (ataý septik) of nouns of the Kazakh language answers the questions: kim? (who?), ne? (what?), kimder? (neler?) ( plural) and  is used for the name of a person, object or phenomenon. If we compare with the instrumental сase (kómektes septik) of nouns of the Kazakh language, we will see the following: jol (road) – jolmen (on the road).

Singular

QazaqEnglishQuestion
anamotherkim?
muǵalimteacherkim?
jazsummerne?
qasyqspoonne?

Plural

QazaqEnglishQuestion
balalarchildrenkimder?
adamdarpeoplekimder?
taýlarmountainsneler?
túıelercamelsneler?

Word in a sentence in the nominative case are subject.

Singular

QazaqEnglishQuestion
Syzdyq hat jazdySyzdyk wrote a letterkim?
Ana tamaq pisirdiMom made the foodkim?
Dáris bastaldyThe lecture beganne?
Kóktem jazdyń basySpring is the beginning of summerne?
Kóktemde egin egilediIn the spring they sow the grain fieldne?
Kók shyǵadyGrass growsne?

Plural

QazaqEnglishQuestion
Stýdentter keldiStudents camekimder?
Adamdar dalada júrPeople walk on the streetkimder?
Naýryz, kókek, maýsym— kóktem aılaryMarch, April, May – spring monthsneler?
Qustar keldiThe birds have arrivedneler?

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