Родительный падеж (ілік септік)

Genitive case (ilik septik) answers the questions kimniń? kimderdiń? (whose?), neniń? nelerdiń? (what?) and is used to show belonging.

QazaqEnglishQuestion
Aman-nyń kita-bythe book of Amankimniń?
bala-nyń dob-yboy’s ballkimniń?
kolhoz-dyń ferma-sycollective farmneniń?
ózen-niń sý-larriver waterneniń?

Genitive case (ilik septik) has the endings: -nyń (-niń), -dyń, (-diń), -tyń (-tiń).

The word ends withExampleAffix
  • vowel -a, -á, -e, -ı, -ý, -y, -i
  • sonorous consonant -m, -n, -ń
Sáýle-niń palto-sy (Saule’s coat).
Natasha-nyń etig-i (Natasha’s boots).
-nyń (-niń)
  • sonorous consonant -l, -r, -ý
  • voiced consonant -j, -z
Asqar-dyń úı-i (Askar’s house).
Kúz-diń orta-sy (mid-autumn).
-dyń (-diń)
  • voiceless consonant -k, -q, -p, -s, -t, -sh
  • voiced consonants -b, -v, -g, -ǵ, -d
Klýb-tyń ish-i (in the club).
Ivanov-tyń kita-by (Ivanov’s book).
-tyń (-tin)

Nouns in the genitive case (ilik septik) in the proposal are the definition (anyqtaýysh) and stand before the modified word (anyqtaıtyn sózdiń altyna). The defined word is used the possessive form. The defined word acquires the 3rd person affix  -y/-i, -sy/-si.

QazaqEnglishAffix
Baqyt-tyń kitab-y
Ahmet-tiń qaryndash-lar
Bakhyt’s book
Ahmet’s pencil
-y
Eset-tiń dápter-i
Aman-nyń meken-jaıy-i
Eset’s notebook
Aman’s address
-i
Nurlan-nyń aǵa-sy
Ámi-diń bala-sy
Nurlan’s older brother
Amira’s child
-sy
Anar-dyń áje-si
Omar-dyń ini-si
Anara’s granny
Omar’s younger brother
-si

When writing dates, the affix of the genitive case is added to the month name, and the possessive affix for the number:

QazaqEnglish
qańtar-dyń bir-ithe first of January
aqpan-nyń mehanıka-sithe second of February
naýryz-dyń úsh-ithe third of March
sáýir-diń tórt-ithe fourth of April
mamyr-dyń bes-ithe fifth of May
maýsym-nyń alty-sythe sixth of June
shilde-nyń jeti-sithe seventh of July
tamyz-dyń segiz-ithe eighth of August
qyrkúıek-tiń toǵyz-larthe ninth of September
qazan-nyń ol-larthe tenth of October
qarasha-nyń ol bir-ithe eleventh of November
jeltoqsan-nyń on eki-sithe twelfth of December

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