Творительный падеж (көмектес септік)

Instrumental case (kómektes septik) of the Kazakh language corresponds to the Subjective Case in English with the preposition to, on, by, with.

QazaqEnglish
Ajar Sáýle-men dosAzhar and Saule are friends
Ajar dos qyzy-men kınoǵa bardyAzhar and a friend went to the movies
Janna kaladan mashına-men keldiJeanne came from the city by car
Men sheshem-men bazarǵa bardyI went to the market with my mother
Munda men mashına-men keldimI came here by car
Juma saıyn radıo-men tatardyń halyq áni berilediOn Fridays Tatar folk songs broadcasts on the radio

The instrumental case (kómektes septık) answers questions kimmen? (with whom? whom?), nemen? (what?) and is used to indicate the object with which the action is performed or to which it is directed. When compared with the nominative case (ataý septik), we see the following: Jol (the road) — Jol-men (by road).

QazaqEnglishQuestion
Men onda dosym-men jolyqtymI met there with the friendkimmen?
Men seni-men ketpekpinI’m going to leave with youkimmen?
Men erteń seni-men sóıleseminTomorrow I’ll talk to youkimmen?
Men sút-pen shaı ishpekpinI’m going to drink tea with milknemen?
Almatyda tramvaı-men, avtobýs-pen, troleıbýs-pen júrediAlmaty travel on trams, buses and trolleybusesnemen?
Qalam-men, qaryndash-pen qaǵazǵa jazadyOn paper write with a pen and pencilnemen?

Nouns in instrumental case (kómektes septık) take the endings -men, -ben, -pen:

  1. If the base word ends in the vowels -a, -á, -e, -ı, -ý, -y, -i and sonoric vowels -ı, -l, -m, -n, -ń, -r, -ý, then the ending -men is added to it.
    QazaqEnglish
    Ahmet ashanada Asan-men birge tamaqtandyAhmet with Asan went to the dining room to eat
    Erǵalı-men kınoǵa bardymI went to the movies with Yergali
    Bor-men taqtaǵa jazadyOn the blackboard write with chalk
    Kisiler arba-men júrediPeople walk with a cart
    Egindi kombaın-men jınaıdyThe crop is harvested by combine harvester.
    Jerdi traktor-men jyrtadyPlows the ground with a tractor
  2. If the final sound of word voiceless consonant -k, -q, -p, -s, -t, -sh
    or ends in a voiced consonant -b, -v, -g, -ǵ, -d, then the ending -pen is added to it.

    QazaqEnglish
    Alysqa ushaq-pen ushadyThey fly far by plane
    Men sizge izgi nıet-pen kel-di-m*I came to you with good intentions
    Kitap-pen kóp jumys isteý kerekYou need to work a lot with the book
    Men qardy kúrek-pen kúrdimI drew snow with a shovel
    Ańshy myltyq-pen attyThe hunter fired with a rifle

    * Kel-di-m = I came – The suffix of the simple past tense is added here.

  3. If the base words ending in voiced consonants -j,-z, then the ending -ben is added to it.
    QazaqEnglish
    Áje toqyma biz-ben oramal toqydyGrandma knitted a scarf on the needles
    Men poez-ben kelediI arrived by train
    Ol qyz-ben kınoǵa bardyHe went to the movies with a girl
    Men erteń siz-ben sóıleseminTomorrow I’ll talk to you

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