26 Mar · softmaker · No Comments

Accusative case (tabys septik) of nouns in the Kazakh language, the description and examples

Accusative case (tabys septik) of the Kazakh language in its value corresponds to the English Subjective Case without a preposition in the sentence acts as a direct object. Accusative case (tabys septik) answers the questions: kimdi? kimderdi? (who?), neni? nelerdi? (what?).

Qazaq English Вопрос
aýdıtorıa-ny audience neni?
gazet-ti newspaper neni?
stýdent-ti student kimdi?
Alma-ny Alma kimdi?

Nouns in the accusative case (tabys septik) accept the endings -dy (-di), -ty (-ti), -ny (-ni), -n:

  • If the final sound of the word voiced -ý/-ıý, -j/-z or sonorous -ı, -l, – m, -n, -a, -r, -ý, then then the endings -dy/-di are added to it.
    Qazaq English
    nan-dy kes cut the bread
    Ol pıaz-dy kesip jatyr She cuts onions
    úı-di kór look around the house
    Olar kilem-di jasap otyr They make a carpet
  • If the final sound of word voiceless consonant -k, -q, -p, -s, -t, -sh or ends with a voiced consonant -b, -v, -g, -ǵ, -d, then the following endings -ty/-ti are added to it.
    Qazaq English
    Baqyt-ty kórdim I saw Bakhyt
    Dosan aǵash-ty baltamen jardy Dosan cut the tree with an axe
    Ermek-ti shaqyrdym I invited Ermek
    Lıza sút-ti dúkennen satyp aldy Lisa bought milk at the store
  • If the final sound is a vowel -a, -á, -e, -ı, -y, -i, (except -y and -і in the cases, the 3rd person form), then the following endings -ny/-ni are added to it.
    Qazaq English
    Sáýle telegramma-ny pochtaǵa apardy Saule took a telegram to the post office
    Men tapsyrma-ny jasap otyrmyn I’m doing a task
    Men dári-ni jasap otyrmyn I’m doing a medicine
    Ol tereze-ni ashty He opened the window
  • In the cases of the 3rd person form the ending -n is added to it.
    Qazaq English
    Aıman maǵan dápteri-n berdi Aiman gave me her notebook
    Programmıst saǵan skrıpti-n jazdy Programmer wrote you a script
    Olar muǵalimi-n yqylaspen tyńdap otyr They listen carefully to the teacher

Category: Septikter (cases)

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