Good day, dear blog readers of our website SoftMaker.kz! Cardinal numeral adjective (eseptik san esim) of the Kazakh language answers questions qansha? neshe? (how much?).
The cardinal numerals are:
|One – bir||Nine – toǵyz||Eighty – seksen|
|Two – eki||Ten – on||Ninety – toqsan|
|Three – úsh||Twenty – jıyrma||Hundred – júz|
|Four – tórt||Thirty – otyz||Thousand – myń|
|Five – bes||Forty – qyryq||Million – mıllıon|
|Six – alty||Fifty – elý||Billion – mıllıard|
|Seven – jeti||Sixty – alpys||Trillion – trıllıon|
|Eight – segiz||Seventy – jetpis||Quadrillion – kvadrıllıon|
|Eleven – on bir||Three hundred and two – úsh júz eki|
|Nineteen – on toǵyz||Four hundred ten – tórt júz on|
|One hundred and one – júz bir||Five hundred sixty-six – bes júz alpys alty|
|One hundred and nine – júz toǵyz||Six hundred eight – alty júz segiz|
|One thousand nine hundred and eighty-six||Myń toǵyz júz seksen alty|
|Two million five hundred thirty-four thousand six hundred eighty-seven||Eki mıllıon bes júz otyz tórt myń alty júz seksen jeti|
Here for large numbers used international names: million, billion, trillion and so on.
Complex (compound — kúrdeli) cardinal numerals are composed of combinations of numbers, which are listed in the first table. If we talk about the numbers from eleven to nineteen, a larger number is used at the beginning of an expression, then the smaller one.
For example, the number on is more than the number bir, so the number on we use in the beginning of the expression: first we write the number on, then join the number bir.
Starting with the number twenty, the word order in complex numerals is the same as in English:
In the Kazakh language, before the names of numbers: one hundred, one thousand, one million, and so on, the names of smaller numbers can be attached:
When using cardinal numerals as a definition or words denoting an indefinite number, the noun does not take the plural ending:
The predicate of similar constructions is also written without the plural ending:
So, in the Kazakh language, numerals in the function of definition before nouns do not change either in a number or in a case. And there is no gender in the Kazakh language. Therefore, the same numeral, depending on the meaning of the sentence, can be translated into English in the masculine or feminine gender.
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