9 Apr · softmaker · No Comments

Good day, dear blog readers of our website SoftMaker.kz! Cardinal numeral adjective (eseptik san esim) of the Kazakh language answers questions **qansha? neshe?**** (how much?)**.

- Examples of the cardinal numerals
- Rules for the use of the compound cardinal numerals
- Cardinal numerals in the function of definition
- The use of the cardinal numerals in sentences

**The cardinal numerals** are:

- Dara (simple) and consist of one word:

One – bir | Nine – toǵyz | Eighty – seksen |

Two – eki | Ten – on | Ninety – toqsan |

Three – úsh | Twenty – jıyrma | Hundred – júz |

Four – tórt | Thirty – otyz | Thousand – myń |

Five – bes | Forty – qyryq | Million – mıllıon |

Six – alty | Fifty – elý | Billion – mıllıard |

Seven – jeti | Sixty – alpys | Trillion – trıllıon |

Eight – segiz | Seventy – jetpis | Quadrillion – kvadrıllıon |

- Kúrdeli (composite) and consist of two or more words:

Eleven – on bir | Three hundred and two – úsh júz eki |

Nineteen – on toǵyz | Four hundred ten – tórt júz on |

One hundred and one – júz bir | Five hundred sixty-six – bes júz alpys alty |

One hundred and nine – júz toǵyz | Six hundred eight – alty júz segiz |

One thousand nine hundred and eighty-six | Myń toǵyz júz seksen alty |

Two million five hundred thirty-four thousand six hundred eighty-seven | Eki mıllıon bes júz otyz tórt myń alty júz seksen jeti |

Here for large numbers used international names: *million*, *billion*, *trillion* and so on.

Complex (compound — kúrdeli) cardinal numerals are composed of combinations of numbers, which are listed in the first table. If we talk about the numbers from *eleven* to *nineteen*, a larger number is used at the beginning of an expression, then the smaller one.

For example, the number *on *is more than the number *bir*, so the number *on* we use in the beginning of the expression: first we write the number *on*, then join the number *bir*.

- on eki (twelve) — the number
*on*is greater than the number*eki* - ol alty (sixteen) — the number
*on*is greater than the number*alty*

Starting with the number *twenty*, the word order in complex numerals is the same as in English:

- otyz bes (thirty-five) — the number
*otyz*is greater than the number*bes* - alpys alty (sixty-six) — the number
*alpys*is greater than the number*alty*

In the Kazakh language, before the names of numbers: one hundred, one thousand, one million, and so on, the names of smaller numbers can be attached:

- (bir) júz elý toǵyz — one hundred and fifty-nine
- (bir) myń toǵyz júz seksen bes — one thousand nine hundred eighty-five
- toǵyz mıllıon on myń — nine million ten thousand

When using cardinal numerals as a definition or words denoting an indefinite number, the noun does not take the plural ending:

- bes stýdent (five students) — bes stýdent +
~~ter~~ - kóp kisi (five people) — kop kisi +
~~ler~~ - jıyrma bes qoı (twenty-five sheep) — jıyrma bes qoı +
~~lar~~

The predicate of similar constructions is also written without the plural ending:

- jıyrma bes qoı jaıylyp júr (twenty-five sheep are grazing) — jıyrma bes qoı jaıylyp júr +
~~ler~~

So, in the Kazakh language, numerals in the function of definition before nouns do not change either in a number or in a case. And there is no gender in the Kazakh language. Therefore, the same numeral, depending on the meaning of the sentence, can be translated into English in the masculine or feminine gender.

- Bizdiń kýrsta
**jıyrma bes**stýdent bar. There are**twenty-five**students in our course. - Instıtýtta
**eki myń bes júz alpys bes**stýdent oqıdy. There are**two thousand five hundred and sixty-five**students in the institute. - Biz jazda
**alpys eki**kún sovhozda jumys istegenbiz. In the summer, we worked on the farm for**sixty-two**days. - Ár stýdent
**qyryq myń úsh júz jıyrma tórt**tengeden aqsha aldy. Each student received**forty thousand three hundred and twenty-four**tenge.

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